Tobacco use in developing nations leading to major health issues
One billion tobacco-related deaths in the 21st century projected
While tobacco use in the industrialized world - chiefly cigarette
smoking and smokeless tobacco, such as "chaw," is on the decline,
increased use of tobacco is becoming an increasing problem in developing
nations. In the largest ever international study on tobacco use, it was
learned that about half the men in third world nations use tobacco,
with the women there taking up smoking at an earlier age.
'One place where we know it's gone up, unfortunately, is Egypt -- as a result of the revolution,' Edouard Tursan D'Espaignet of WHO's tobacco control program says.
While many people in industrialized nations, in particular the United States, is taking steps to quit or never start using tobacco, the study proves that the opposite trend is under way in parts of the developing world.
The WHO warns that "if current trends continue, it will cause up to one billion deaths in the 21st century."
Called the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), focused on countries in which smoking is known to be a growing problem. "The burden of tobacco use is moving," Giovino says who formerly oversaw the Office on Smoking and Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
"The tobacco epidemic takes different forms in different countries," he said in an interview. "But manufactured cigarettes are dominating."
Conducted between 2008 and 2010, the study found that across 14 developing nations, 49 percent of men and 11 percent of women used tobacco. Most of them smoked, 41 percent of men and 5 percent of women.
Numbers were highest in Russia, where 60 percent of men and 22 percent of women used tobacco; China, where 53 percent of men and 2 percent of women were tobacco users; Ukraine, where 50 percent of men and 11 percent of women used tobacco and Turkey, where 48 percent of men and 15 percent of women used tobacco.
Smoking rates may now be even higher than they were in 2010, WHO officials say.
"One place where we know it's gone up, unfortunately, is Egypt -- as a result of the revolution," Edouard Tursan D'Espaignet of WHO's tobacco control program says.
© 2012, Catholic Online. Distributed by NEWS CONSORTIUM.
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Pope Benedict XVI's Prayer Intentions for January 2013
General Intention: The Faith of Christians. That in this Year of Faith Christians may deepen their knowledge of the mystery of Christ and witness joyfully to the gift of faith in him.
Missionary Intention: Middle Eastern Christians. That the Christian communities of the Middle East, often discriminated against, may receive from the Holy Spirit the strength of fidelity and perseverance.
Keywords: Tobacco use, Third World, study, cancer-related deaths, industrialized world
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